We examine adoption of drought tolerant (DT) maize varieties using a four-round panel dataset from six districts in Malawi.
There is an increase in adoption of DT maize from 3% in 2006 to 43% in 2015 in our data. We focus on the eﬀect of past drought exposure on adoption and the likelihood of DT maize being distributed under the Farm Input Subsidy Programme (FISP).
Results show that past exposure to drought increases the probability of DT maize seed being distributed through FISP. Farmers who accessed maize seed subsidy coupons and were previously exposed to late season dry spells are more likely to use the seed subsidy coupon to redeem DT maize seed.
The likelihood of adoption and adoption intensity (area under DT maize) are positively inﬂuenced by previous early season dry spells and access to seed subsidy. Previous late season droughts also positively aﬀect adoption intensity. On the other hand, area share under DT maize is positively correlated with early season dry spells and past exposure to late season dry spells but negatively related to seed subsidy.
FISP in Malawi appears to have stimulated adoption of DT maize directly through subsidy and indirectly through generating farmers’ experiences of the performance of DT varieties under drought conditions.
“I am Hajia Asibi, a community women
leader, civil servant and a proud farmer. But my story and venture in
agriculture is not a conventional one.
I have not always been a farmer. In fact, I never dreamt of one day
becoming a farmer. In my youthful years, I believed farming was a profession
for the poor, the masses. Perhaps this perception was informed my archaic and
laborious methods of farming by everyone around me. Indeed, all the farmers I
knew then were poor, very poor. And because I had high taste for life, farming
for me was completely out of the equation. What I have always wanted to be was
a community leader who empower women and youths to self-empowerment and
If you grew up in northern Nigeria like I did, you will understand my
desire for women economic empowerment and freedom. The boy child was everything
the girl child wanted to be: with regard to education, marriage,
decision-making, political participation, gender roleplay and all. Luckily for
me, my parents were educated and very supportive to my desires; so I was among
the few fortunate ones to go to school with the strong backing of my parents.
After school, I joined the civil service, because of my belief in white-collar
A few years into government employment, I discovered to my utter dismay
that I could not survive our harsh economic environment with a salary job. I
struggled to meet my basic obligations as a parent, leader and citizen. After
trying several options, I found myself in agriculture. I therefore practised
agricultural business (production and sale of grains) as a means of additional
income. Unlike many other new entries into agriculture, I was not disappointed
by the drudgery and poverty surrounding its activities. These were well known
and expected by me.
And when I thought I have had enough of agricultural business,
NAERLS-IITA came to my rescue, with so many information on innovations and how
to increase profitability. They came with so much commitment and perseverance
that I had to listen to them. Indeed, I have heard about NAERLS many years ago,
especially through their broadcasts of agricultural programmes on radio and
television. Farmers in the north are fully aware of the laudable work of NAERLS
in moving agricultural production in this country. But with their activities in
the Stress-Tolerant Maize for Africa (STMA) project, the Institute provided for
us new ways of making good money in maize farming.
Since 2006, I have been involved in the leadership of Sabon Gari Women Multipurpose Cooperatives. But we still did not make headway. When the NAERLS-STMA team came on board, they helped us strengthen our group through training, provision of information and linkages. Our members moved from farming acres to farming multiple hectares. We now harvest more than sixty (60) bags of maize from one hectare after we embraced the ST-maize varieties and other recommended farm management practices. Our profits soared dramatically and our lives took a very good turn. Our multipurpose Cooperatives now invests in many other profitable businesses, like rentals, and buying and selling of processing materials. One great testimonial of my encounter with the NAERLS-STMA team is my house, which I bought solely from my farm proceeds. During a time I was in dire need of accommodation, I was given an offer of a house for sale. The price was in millions of naira, so I thought I may never be able to buy it. Where would I get such money?’ I thought. That same season, through linkages with the right markets by the NAERLS team, I made over a million naira profit on my maize harvests. Of course, I also farm sorghum, millet and vegetables. But maize has since become my favourite crop. So I was excited over my sale and profit! Quickly, I made my first payment for the house, renovated it and did some restructuring in and around the house. I paid up the balance the following season, after another bumper harvest and sale.
Currently, I have five children in
different tertiary institutions: two of them in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria;
one in School of Health Technology, Markafi, Kaduna State; while the other two
are in Federal College of Education, Zaria. Farming helps me to meet all
educational obligations, as well as household needs.
I still work with the state government, but my focus now is more on
farming and agripreneurship. Indeed, I’m fulfilled as woman and leader in
society. I have the economic freedom I so much desired as a child, and I’m well
respected among my people.
Thank you, NAERLS-IITA team for bringing to me the needed information
for quality decision in my agricultural business. Thank you, STMA Promotional
team. I look forward to better days ahead in our collaboration.