Discover the latest from the Stress Tolerant Maize for Africa (STMA) initiative. This issue talks about product profiling, costing of maize breeding, highlights of CIMMYT’s Kenya Annual Partner Days and portraits of Kenyan farmers who have adopted stress-tolerant maize varieties. READ HERE
Discover some of the recent maize breeding and seed systems work of the Stress Tolerant Maize for Africa initiative, covering the period April to June 2019. STMA addresses multiple stresses affecting smallholder maize farmers in Africa. Read More
The Stress Tolerant Maize for Africa (STMA)
project held its annual meeting May 7-9, 2019 in Lusaka, Zambia to discuss the
achievements of the past year and priorities going forward.
STMA Project Leader Cosmos Magoroksho recalled
what STMA project launched in 2016 is aiming at “Maize is grown on 30 million
hectares in SSA, and more than 208 million farmers depend on it as a staple
crop. However, average maize yields in SSA are among the lowest in the world.
STMA is a multi-stakeholder project designed to develop, test and deliver
improved maize varieties that can mitigate the combined effects of multiple
stresses in farmer fields and provide reliable decent yields even in challenging
conditions like drought or low soil fertility.”
“STMA proved it is possible to combine
multiple stress tolerance and still get good yields. One of the greatest
aspects of STMA are great partnerships which have only grown stronger through
the years. We are now the proud partners of over 100 seed companies,” said B.M.
Prasanna, director of the CIMMYT Global Maize Program and the CGIAR Research
Program on Maize (MAIZE), in his keynote address.
CIMMYT and partners across SSA are working
together in the fight against challenges such as drought, maize lethal necrosis
(MLN) and fall armyworm (FAW) using innovative technologies such as doubled haploids,
marker assisted back crossing, and germplasm screening to develop improved
stress tolerant maize for farmers. The efforts are paying off—in 2018, 3.5
million smallholder farmers planted stress tolerant maize varieties in 10
African countries, Prasanna said.
On May 8, participants visited local
seed company partners, namely Afriseed, Zamseed and QualiBasic Seed to learn
more about the opportunities and challenges of producing stress tolerant maize
seed for smallholder farmers. Afriseed CEO Stephanie Angomwile discussed her
business strategy and passion for agriculture with participants. She expressed
her gratitude for the support CIMMYT has provided the company, including access
to drought tolerant maize varieties as well as capacity development
opportunities for her staff.
At QualiBasic Seeds (QBS), CIMMYT
staff and partners were given the opportunity to learn and ask questions about
the seed multiplication process in Zambia and the importance of high quality,
genetically pure foundation seeds for seed companies.
Bhola Nath Verma, principal crop
breeder at ZAMSEED explained climate change has visible impact on Zambian maize
sector as the main maize growing basket moved 500 km North due to increased
drought. Verma values the partnership with STMA as he can source very
drought-tolerant breeding material from CIMMYT and IITA allowing him to develop
very early varieties that escape drought and bring much needed yield stability
to farmers in Zambia, Angola, DRC, Botswana and Tanzania.
The meeting concluded with an
awards ceremony for the winners of the 2019 MAIZE Youth Innovators Awards –
Africa, established by MAIZE in collaboration with the Young Professionals for
Agricultural Development (YPARD). These awards recognize the contributions of
young women and men below 35 years of age who are implementing innovations in
African maize-based agri-food systems, including research-for-development, seed
systems, agribusiness, and sustainable intensification. This is the second year
of the award, and the first time it has been held in Africa. Winners include
Hildegarde Dukunde of Rwanda and Mila Lokwa Giresse of the Democratic Republic
of the Congo in the change agent category, Admire Shayanowako of the Republic
of South Africa and Ismael Mayanja of Uganda in the research category, and
Blessings Likagwa of Malawi in the farmer category.
CIMMYT’s Stress Tolerant Maize for Africa (STMA) and Drought Tolerant Maize Seed Scaling (DTMASS) projects have supported family owned seed companies to be part of sustainable long-term solutions to buffer African smallholder farmers against recurrent droughts via access to improved seeds. This is in line with CIMMYT mission strengthen local maize seed system through public-private partnerships. Kamano Seeds, established in 2004 in Lusaka, Zambia, is now producing more than 2000 tons of certified seeds of drought tolerant maize hybrids (KAM601 and KAM602) per year. This has been possible thanks to the technical support and provision of high-quality breeder seeds by CIMMYT.